Classification of building typology

An overview on building typologies in the partner countries of the NewBEE project was prepared. The typologies are based on the available data basis in each partner country (Finland, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, Spain and Malta)   aiming to identify business opportunities for construction SMEs. Furthermore, recent research work on national and European level on building typologies was considered. Parameters relevant for the development of a European perspective were developed in the NewBEE project and listed below:

§  Building use

§  General scale of building

§  Property Scheme

§  Ternure Scheme

§  Household income (only residential buildings)

There are big differences in the building stock in the different partner countries but a comparison of the identified country-individual building stock was made and differences and commonalities could be identified.

In addition to the building typologies the identification of retrofitting needs in the partner countries will guide SMEs defining their market and customer group. Based on, available statistics in the partner countries and discussions with experts NewBEE partners identified relevant characteristics (general characteristics and technical building parameters) that support SMEs defining their target markets and target customer groups. Especially region, building age and status, building size as well as influence of stakeholder are the most important characteristics. The technical characteristics allow to identify the main levers for energy-efficient retrofitting in the different epochs and therefore, address the competence profile of the construction SME and their partners network.

Construction subsections in Europe for residential buildings (all building types) with the highest impact on energy-efficiency are:

§  Roof

§  Exterior Walls

§  and windows

Furthermore, the ventilation losses are high in all building types.

It has to be pointed out that (except in Slovenia due to the lack of large construction companies) the residential building sector is more promising for SMEs due to the large building stock and significant barriers for SMEs in the non-residential building stock.

Additionally to the initial analysis on the target markets and customer groups, each country analysed the country-specific decision making process in detail. The objective was to understand the mechanisms that affect customer’s decision (positive or negative) concerning a retrofitting project. The objective of the NewBEE partners was to understand who the final decision maker is and how the decisions are supported by financial incentives. Therefore, different funding schemes like subsidies and grants, loans and other incentives in the different partner countries were identified and analysed, based on the analysis NewBEE partners identified driver and barriers in the decision making process.